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North Leigh : St Mary

North Leigh
Fine fan vaulting in the Perpendicular Gothic style chapel. There is a 15th Century doom painting in the nave.

North Moreton : All Saints

North Moreton
The village is tucked away between Didcot and the Berkshire Downs with a small church containing the most outstanding medieval glass in Oxfordshire. It is to be found in the east window of the south aisle, built as a chantry by Sir Miles Stapleton in 1299. He was killed at Bannock burn in 1314. The survival of the window, largely intact, is remarkable and the glowing colours of the different scenes from the Passion and lives of the saints are still as impressive as they must have been seven hundred years ago.

North Stoke : St Mary The Virgin

North Stoke
The church was built in the 1230s and is almost entirely medieval, and still has C14 wall paintings, ancient oak pews and a brick floor. The Ridgeway path runs through the church yard, to either side crossing the River Thames and climbing the Chilterns.

Northmoor : St Denys

In a rural situation near Matthew Arnold’s ‘stripling Thames’ between Bablock Hythe and Newbridge, the church is an almost unaltered example of the Decorated style of the early 14th century, with two wide transepts and much good window tracery. The 17th-century Laudian altar rails are of unusual quality and were given to St John’s College, the patrons of St Denys’ Church, by Archbishop Laud.

Nuffield : Holy Trinity

A small Norman church remodelled in the early C14 when the North aisle was added, located at one of the highest points in the southern Chilterns, in unknapped flint with stone dressings.

Nuneham Courtenay : All Saints

Nuneham Courtenay
This church was built in 1764 following the demolition of an earlier medieval church which stood on the site. It was designed by Simon Harcourt, Ist Earl Harcourt, with alterations to the design made by the architect James ‘Athenian’ Stuart (1713-88).

The church was declared redundant in 1980, and vested in the Churches Conservation Trust in 1981. For visitor access, a key can be obtained from the Global Retreat Centre nearby.

Oddington : St Andrew and All Angels

A mention of Oddington in a Papal bull written in AD 1146 suggests that the village had a parish church by the middle of the 12th century.[2] The present Church of England parish church of Saint Andrew was built at the end of the 13th century and beginning of the 14th century. The buttresses of the nave are late 13th century, and the font is probably also from that century. Some features of the chancel are early 14th century, but in 1821 the chancel was demolished and rebuilt.

Between 1884 and 1886 the church was heavily restored by the architect E.G. Bruton. He rebuilt the bell tower and the north wall of the chancel, and added the vestry, north aisle and several windows. At the west end of the church is a large pietà decorated with Māori totems, created as a memorial to Māori servicemen killed in the First World War.

The tower has three bells. The treble was cast in 1609 but the bellfounder has not been identified. James Keene of Woodstock cast the tenor in 1626. Thomas I Mears of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the youngest of the three bells in 1804. For technical reasons the bells are currently unringable. There is also a Sanctus bell, cast by an unknown founder in about 1614. Unfortunately this bell is cracked.

Old Marston : St Nicholas

Old Marston
Grade I listed.
C13 origins.
Building materials consist of limestone rubble and ashlar with stone-slate roofs.
Features include an aisled nave, C15 chancel, west tower and south porch.
Windows date from C15 and include a variety of two and three light designs, with tracery in Perpendicular style.
There is a re-set Decorated doorway in the south porch and a clerestory with two light windows.

C13 chancel arch with four and three bay nave arcades. The chancel floor features Medieval encaustic tiles.
Fixtures and fittings range from C15 to C16. There are also traces of Medieval wall paintings over the chancel arch.

Over Norton : St James

Over Norton
An old chapel badly in need of repair

Over Worton : Holy Trinity

Over Worton
Rebuilt 1844 incorporating some medieval work by J. Derrick for Revd. William Wilson.Marlstone ashlar with some limestone dressings; Westmorland-slate roofs.

Chancel, 3-bay nave and south aisle, south porch and north tower. C19 chancel in C13 style has 3 grouped lancets to east, and a single lancet to north and south, all with hood moulds and carved stops.

Walling and parapets of south aisle and nave may be medieval but windows are restored: 2-light reticulated at east end of aisle; 2-light geometrical to east and west of porch; a large 3-light window with intersecting tracery at the west end of the nave where the former tower stood.

The parapets have some medieval gargoyles at the angles. The south porch has a large shield-shaped sundial and a foliated gable cross. North side of nave has a large C19 window of 3 lights with flowing tracery.

Massive 3-stage tower of 1849, in a mixed romanesque and C14 style, has tall traceried openings to the bell chamber.

Interior: chancel east window is set within 7 graduated lancets with detached shafts and dog-tooth ornament, the outer lancets containing the Decalogue etc. 6-canted chancel roof has moulded ribs with carved foliage bosses and a carved frieze. Trefoil-headed piscina and sedilia may be C13. Oak chancel fittings have traceried panels and carved poppy heads. C19 encaustic-tile floor. Chancel arch has 2 chamfered orders with contrasting voussoirs and springs from moulded corbels. C19 nave arcade in C13 style has carved head stops. Nave roof trusses have traceried spandrels above braced cambered tie beams. Octagonal C19 font has carved roundels of foliage. Stained glass in chancel by Clutterbruck (1845); at west end of nave by Camm Bros. (c.l878). Elaborate organ case with reticulated tracery. C17 full-length effigy in legal robes retains much colouring and may be Edmund Meese (died 1617) whose memorial tablet is set in the west wall. J.H. Newman, later Cardinal, preached his first sermon in the church. (V.C.H.: Oxfordshire, Vol.XI, p.300; Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, p.750).

Oxford : Christ Church Cathedral

The cathedral was originally the church of St Frideswide’s Priory. The site is claimed to be the location of the abbey and relics of St Frideswide, the patron saint of Oxford, although this is debatable.

In 1522, the priory was surrendered to Cardinal Wolsey, who had selected it as the site for his proposed college. However, in 1529 the foundation was taken over by King Henry VIII. Work stopped, but in June 1532 the college was refounded by the King. In 1546, Henry VIII transferred to it the recently created see of Oxford from Osney. The cathedral has the name of Ecclesia Christi Cathedralis Oxoniensis, given to it by King Henry VIII’s foundation charter.

There has been a choir at the cathedral since 1526, when John Taverner was the organist and also master of the choristers. The statutes of Cardinal Wolsey’s original college, initially called Cardinal College, mentioned sixteen choristers and thirty singing priests.

Christ Church Cathedral is often claimed to be the smallest cathedral in England, and although it did once hold this distinction there are now smaller cathedrals, as several parish churches were elevated to cathedral status in the 20th century.

The nave, choir, main tower and transepts are of the late Norman period. There are architectural features ranging from Norman to the Perpendicular style and a large rose window of the ten-part (i.e., botanical) type.

Oxford : Friends Meeting House


Oxford : Holy Rood


Oxford : New Road Baptist Church


Oxford : Oxford Oratory

The church was designed by Joseph Hansom in a Gothic Revival style. Much of the original interior decoration was painted over in the 1970s, and the altar moved forward. The building is being gradually restored as part of the “Oxford Oratory – Reaffirmation & Renewal” campaign.

The church consists of a single nave and five side chapels. To the left of the sanctuary is the Sacred Heart chapel, and the Lady Chapel is to the right. There are also chapels dedicated to St Philip Neri (formerly St Joseph’s chapel) and Our Lady of Oxford (also known as the relic chapel).

Oxford : Rose Hill Methodist Church

This small stone and brick built chapel was founded in 1835.

Oxford : SS Philip and James


Oxford : St Aldates

The site has been used for Christian worship dating back to the Saxon era. It may have been one of three churches within the monastic precinct of Saint Frideswide. The first major constructions, in the 12th century, were the nave and chancel, the central part of the building as it now stands. Since then the church has been extended and remodeled at various times. The original tower built during the 13th century was entirely rebuilt in 1873.

The south and north aisles – either side of the nave – were added in the 14th and 15th centuries respectively in order to accommodate the growing population of Oxford.

The modern church was developed during the nineteenth century, with a remodeling of the interior in 1832. Most notably, during the 46 year ministry of Canon Alfred Christopher, a highly regarded leader from 1859–1905, the north and south chancel aisles and the vestry were added.

Further remodeling was completed in 2002. The pews were removed to create more seating room for a growing congregation, under-floor heating, carpet, Jerusalem stone tiles, wood flooring, and a state of the art AV system with projector screens and television monitors were installed to create a modern venue for a living church.

Most noticeably, the North Wall was knocked open to create a spacious glass vestibule that opened the church up to the main road of St Aldate’s Street. In addition, the graveyard at the front has been landscaped to open up a garden at the front of the church for tourists and passers-by.

Oxford : St Andrew

A typical standard suburban church of 1905, St Andrew’s is not listed, with reason.

Oxford : St Barnabas

Grade1 listed church. Architect A W Bloomfield. Built at the expense of Thomas Combe a supporter of the Oxford Movement. The dominant feature of the church is the raised high altar with gilded canopy. The fine murals on the north wall of the nave are made of cut glass in a technique known as “opus sectile”.

Oxford : St Clements

The original church building stood on The Plain, surrounded by the village, until 1829 when it was demolished. A new church was built on a new site during 1827–28 near the other end of St Clement’s, at the southern end of Marston Road.

Oxford : St Columba

St Columba’s United Reformed Church was founded as a chaplaincy to Presbyterian students in Oxford in 1908. It became a congregation of the Presbyterian Church of England in 1929, and on the union of the Presbyterian and Congregational churches, a congregation of the United Reformed Church.

Oxford : St Cross

St Cross Church was once a dependent chapelry of St Peter-in-the-East on Queen’s Lane, north of the High Street in central Oxford.[2] The precise date of the church’s foundation is not known, but it has been suggested that the St Cross was first built around AD 890 by St Grimwald.[citation needed]

The chancel arch is late 11th or early 12th century[3] and the nave was built in about 1160.[4] The tower and aisles were added in the 13th century, the upper stage of the tower was rebuilt in 1464 and the north arcade and aisle were rebuilt in the middle of the 15th century.[3] A few of the windows are original Perpendicular Gothic; the remainder are Victorian Gothic Revival.[4]

The aisles were rebuilt again in the 19th century — the north (except for its west end) in 1839 and the south in 1843 — the latter to designs by the architect JM Derick. In 1876 the north aisle was extended by the addition of an organ chamber and vestry designed by HJ Tollit. In 1893 the church was restored under the direction of EP Warren, including the addition of new clerestory windows. The tower was repaired in 1908.

GE Street designed the west window of the north aisle, which was made in 1855. However, since then the window has been moved and, in Sir Nikolaus Pevsner’s opinion, “garbled”. Hardman & Co. made the east window of the chancel in 1874. St Cross church is a Grade I listed building.

Oxford : St Ebbe

The church stands on the site of one dedicated to St Æbbe before 1005. Most sources suggest that this was the Northumbrian St Æbbe of Coldingham, but it has been suggested that Æbbe of Oxford was a different saint. The name was first recorded in about 1005 when the church was granted to Eynsham Abbey.

The present church was built in 1814–16. It was enlarged and improved in 1866 and 1904. A Norman doorway of the 12th century has been restored and placed at the west end, The church is the parish church for the parish of St Ebbes, a portion of which was demolished to make way for the nearby Westgate Shopping Centre in the 1970s. The church has a ministry among the remaining part of the parish, although most of its members live outside the parish. The church is a partner church of St Ebbe’s Primary School, a school within the parish.

Oxford : St Frideswide

It was designed by the 19th-century Gothic Revival architect Samuel Sanders Teulon of Westminster, London, built by the local firm of Honour & Castle. The foundation stone was laid in 1870 and the church was consecrated on 10 April 1872 by John Mackarness, the Bishop of Oxford. It was originally intended for the church tower to have a spire.

In the nave is the “Alice Door”, carved by Alice Liddell, a daughter of Henry Liddell, the Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, made famous through Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.

Oxford : St Giles

St Giles Church is 550 yards (500 m) north of Oxford’s city wall, and when built it stood in open fields. There were no other buildings between it and the city wall, where the St Michael at the North Gate church stands. About a thousand people lived within the walls of Oxford at this time.

The church was not actually consecrated until 1200, by Saint Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln. There is a 13th or 14th century consecration cross consisting of interlaced circles cut into the western column of the bell tower that is believed to commemorate this. Also in commemoration of the consecration, St Giles’ Fair was established. The fair continues to this day, held on the Monday and Tuesday after the Sunday following 1 September, which is St Giles’ Day. St Hugh also expanded the St Mary Magdalen’s Church to the south in 1194.

Surviving 12th century features of the church include two windows in the north side of the clerestorey of the nave and the lower parts of the bell tower. The tower was finished early in the 13th century, which is the date of the aisle arcades and Early English Gothic lancet windows as well. The Decorated Gothic chancel was built late in the 13th century.

Oxford : St John the Evangelist

St John the Evangelist Church is a non-parochial church. It was built as the community church of the mother house of the Anglican religious order known as the Society of St. John the Evangelist (SSJE, aka the Cowley Fathers). Since 1980 it has served also as one of the college chapels of St Stephen’s House, Oxford.

Oxford : St Luke

Founded in 1933 as a mission hall for the area of Cold Harbour. Canon Stather-Hunt, the then vicar of St Matthew’s Church on Marlborough Road, led the vision and had a real interest in the community in this area. St Matthew’s & St Luke’s have remained linked to the current day and support each other’s work.

Oxford : St Margaret

As north Oxford was built up and its population grew in Victorian times, new parishes were created out of parts of St. Giles’ parish. They included St Philip and St James’, consecrated in 1862 and St. Margaret’s, founded as a daughter church of St. Philip and St James in 1883. The church was designed by H. G. W. Drinkwater. The foundation stone was laid on 8 May 1883. The church was consecrated by Bishop Stubbs on 22 November 1893. A new tower designed by G. F. Bodley was started in 1899, but was never completed, this remains as the south-west porch. The Lady Chapel contains three fine windows by F. C. Eden based on an iconographic theme ‘The Plan of Salvation’, picturing the Nativity (Incarnation), the Crucifixion (Atonement) and Pentecost (the gift of the Spirit to the Church). St Margaret’s became a parish in its own right in August 1896. It was reunited with St Philip and St James parish once more in 1976, and St Philip and St James Church was declared redundant in 1982. In 1983 the parish of St Philip and St James with St Margaret and the parish of St Giles were reunited in a united benefice.

Oxford : St Mary Magdalen

A Saxon wooden church stood here a thousand years ago, but this was burnt down in 1074. Robert D’Oyly, the Norman Constable of Oxford, built a single aisle chapel to replace the wooden church. Saint Hugh, the Bishop of Lincoln, rebuilt the church in 1194. Following the English Reformation, the church’s patronage passed from St Frideswide’s to Christ Church. In 1841–42, George Gilbert Scott, then young and unknown, rebuilt the chancel and the north aisle. This complemented his Martyrs’ Memorial just north of the church. It was the first Victorian Gothic interior in Oxford.

Compared to other Oxford churches, it is relatively high, with a strong emphasis on Anglo-Catholicism.

Oxford : St Mary The Virgin

This great church, on the north side of the High Street, is both a parish church and the University church. The remarkable spire, certainly the finest of all Oxford’s famous spires, was constructed in the 13th century and is a tour de force of medieval sculpture. The rest of the church was rebuilt in the late 15th century in Perpendicular at its most flamboyant, with enormous windows, high roof and clerestory and elaborate battlements.

Oxford : St Matthew

Canon Alfred William Millard Christopher (1820 – 1913), who had been Rector of St Aldate’s Church since 1859, raised funds for the building of a large church on Marlborough Road, one of the principal roads in Grandpont which followed the line of a former spur track from the nearby Great Western Railway. A fine church dedicated to St Matthew was built and consecrated by Bishop William Stubbs on 21st June l890.

Canon Christopher was criticized for spending too much money on the church when a simpler structure might have sufficed. The stonework and roof structure have much to be admired. The violet and pink glass used in the windows on all but the north side gives a pleasant dappled light in sunshine. The pews were, however, stained dark brown but have now been sanded back to their lovely natural colour.

Oxford : St Michael at the North Gate

Originally built around 1000–1050, with the tower of 1040 still in existence, the church is Oxford’s oldest building. The church tower is Saxon. The architect John Plowman rebuilt the north aisle and transept in 1833.

The Oxford Martyrs were imprisoned in the Bocardo Prison by the church before they were burnt at the stake in what is now Broad Street nearby, then immediately outside the city walls, in 1555 and 1556. Their cell door can be seen on display in the church’s tower.

St Michael at the North Gate is the current City Church of Oxford. That title was originally held by St Martin’s Church at Carfax, and then by All Saints Church in the High Street when St Martin’s Church was demolished in 1896. City Church status passed to St Michael’s when All Saints Church was declared redundant in 1971 (it was subsequently converted into the library of Lincoln College, Oxford). The City Church is where the Mayor and Corporation of Oxford are expected to worship. The parishes of St Martin’s and All Saints are now amalgamated with St Michael’s.

Oxford : St Nicholas the Wonderworker

Consecrated in 2010 the church occupies the site of an earlier mission chapel of ease (c.1913) associated with the church of St Nicholas in Old Marston.

Oxford : St Thomas the Martyr

The church has a nave with a north aisle and vestry, a Perpendicular Gothic west tower, a chancel and a south porch. The nave was rebuilt in the late 15th or early 16th century to meet a tower of approximately the same age; it is often dated to 1521, but appears to be built on older foundations. The southern side of the nave contains what are probably thirteenth-century buttresses and a pair of Perpendicular Gothic windows. The north aisle was originally built in the 13th century, and rebuilt by H.J. Underwood in 1890;[dubious – discuss] the vestry was built in the 17th century and rebuilt in 1846 to designs by Chamberlain, through the generosity of the curate, Alexander Penrose Forbes. The church has been reroofed at least twice, in 1825 and 1897.

The chancel, which has a ceiling decorated by C. E. Kempe, has three windows in the style of the late 12th century, and a priest’s door built into the south side circa 1250. A south porch was built in 1621 at the behest of Dr Robert Burton, whose arms are carved in the gable above the date. A candelabrum given by Ann Kendall in 1705 hangs in the chancel. The chancel ceiling was decorated with a pattern of gold stars on a blue background in 1914. Two years later, an altar was erected at the east end of the north aisle, and an aumbry placed in the north wall of the chancel. The royal arms of William IV are displayed in the tower.

St Thomas’ church has been a Grade II listed building since 1954.

Oxford : The Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity and the Annunciation

Located in a residential street in North Oxford, the octagonal building (c.1973) reflects the ‘Eighth day’ of Early Christian symbolism.

Oxford : Wesley Memorial Church

Wesley Memorial Church is a Methodist church in central Oxford, England. John and Charles Wesley studied in Oxford, and the congregation was founded in 1783. The present church building was completed in 1878.

Oxford’s first Methodist meeting house was a building on the east side of New Inn Hall Street. It is now numbered 32–34 and is part of Brasenose College. A plaque on the wall commemorates the fact that John Wesley preached there on 4 July 1783.

The congregation later moved to a second building on the west side of the street. This has since been and the site has been incorporated into St Peter’s College.

The present Gothic Revival building was started in 1877 and opened in October 1878. The architect Charles Bell designed it in a revival of Decorated Gothic. The building contractor was Joshua Symm. Henry Frith of Gloucester carved the capitals of the columns, which portray twelve different kinds of English plants.

Oxford : Woodstock Road Baptist

Small 1906 chapel which has been refurbished in early 1990s.

Piddington : St Nicholas

Grade II* listed.

Late C13 origins with later modifications and alterations.

Buildings consist of random and coursed limestone rubble with ashlar dressings. The roofs are of old plain-tile and Welsh slate.

Features include a C13 chancel, nave, south aisle, south porch and west tower.

Windows date from C14 and C15, and include various examples of two/three light designs with Perpendicular tracery. There are also two plain lancet windows in the south aisle.
The west tower is C16 and two storeys high. It has a crenellated parapet, a two light west window and an arched west doorway.

Interior: C14 two-seat sedilia with elaborate carvings and foliage. The chancel arch is C19.

Pishill : Anglican Church

Overlooking the Stonor valley in the Chiltern Hills, this church was built in 1854 to replace a Norman and later C13 church. Of coursed flint rubble with limestone ashlar quions and dressings, with chancel, nave, north transept and west belfry.

Pusey : All Saints

Built in 1744 by John Allen Pusey this Grade II* listed church stands in the grounds of Pusey House.
Dr Edward Pusey (1800-1882), joint leader with Newman and Keble, of the Oxford Movement, lived in Pusey and his portrait hangs in the church.

Pyrton : St Mary

THE Church is built of flint with stone dressings on the nave and chancel and the roofs are covered with copper. It probably dates to C14. This copper was used in replacement of the former lead roof which twice in the space of a year was stripped by thieves. The original roof was thatched and the ridge marks of this roof can still be seen on the east side of the tower.

The Tower is square with buttresses to give added stability. The belfry windows are really ‘sound holes’ filled with louvres which allow the sound of the bells to radiate.

Lacking stone for a SPIRE, a thin leaded spirelet was built from within the parapet of the tower. This style of building became so popular in the County, that such spirelets are known as ‘Hertfordshire Spikes’, although they are to be found elsewhere. The tower and the nave have embattled parapets. …

Radley : St James the Great

Grade II* listed.
C13 origins with C20 restorations.
Building materials consist of uncoursed limestone rubble with ashlar dressings and an ashlar tower. The east wall is partly rendered with roughcast. Roofs are of artificial stone slate.
Features include a C14 chancel and two-bay nave, with a south aisle and transept. There is also a north aisle with transept. The west tower is C15.
Windows date from C15 and include various examples of two and three light designs with ‘Y’ tracery.
There is also a late C19 timber porch.

Late C18/C19 fixtures and fittings with a C13 piscina.

Ramsden : St James

Church. 1872, by A.W. Blomfield.

Dressed limestone with ashlar dressings, including bands in gable ends and internally. Stone slate roofs. Four-bay nave, lean-to south aisle, 2-bay chancel with south vestry and north-west steeple over porch. In an Early English/Decorated Gothic style. Steeple: two stages externally. Double-chamfered plinth, clasping buttresses to lower stage with chamfered offsets to pilaster buttresses to belfry, chamfered offset to belfry with continuous impost moulding and corbelled eaves band, and broach spire with moulded cornice, hipped lucarnes to cardinal faces with louvred chamfered lancet openings, finials and continuous cill string, and finial at apex. Belfry openings of 2 louvred trefoil-headed lights with quatrefoil plate tracery, each set in chamfered recess with double-chamfered shallow pointed-arched head. First stage with pairs of trefoil-headed chamfered lancets to east and west, which each have decorative triangular-pattern stonework in relieving arch over; pair of small chamfered lancets to north. Pair of boarded north doors with wrought-iron strap hinges, moulded archway and hood mould with carved foliate stops. Cast-iron bootscrapers. Clock in front of belfry openings to north. Interior of porch has chamfered rear arch to door, stone side benches beneath windows with chamfered square surrounds and central chamfered corbel projections between with broach stops and boarded door to nave with strap hinges and continuously-chamfered and ovolo-moulded archway; encaustic-tiled floor and chamfered cross-beamed ceiling. Nave: chamfered plinth, buttresses with chamfered offsets, chamfered stone eaves and parapeted gable ends with finials at apices, cross-to west. North side: left-hand buttress has gabled top with blind trefoiled circular panel and finial. Windows of 2 trefoil-headed lights with quatrefoils in tracery, hollow-chamfered reveals and returned hood moulds. West end: central buttress with chamfered offsets and gabled top with blind trefoiled circular panel and finial. Two tall windows of 2 trefoil-headed lights with cusped tracery, chamfered reveals and hood moulds with carved foliate stops. South aisle: chamfered plinth, flush cill band and chamfered stone eaves. Two- and 3-light windows with squat trefoil-headed lancet lights; west window of 2 trefoil-headed lights with cusped plate tracery and hood mould with carved foliate stops. Chancel: chamfered plinth (double to east), buttresses with chamfered offsets (clasping to east), cill string, chamfered stone eaves, and parapeted gable end with coping and finial at apex (probably truncated cross). North-west window of 2 chamfered lancet lights with carved trefoiled chamfered circular panel in tympanum and round relieving arch. East end: window of S stepped trefoil-headed lights with quatrefoils and cinquefoil in tracery, chamfered reveals and hood mould with carved foliate stops. Vestry: chamfered plinth and parapeted gable to front with coping and integral stone stack at apex consisting of chamfered offset to octagonal shaft with cap. South window of 2 trefoil-headed lights with quatrefoil in tracery, chamfered reveals and returned hood mould. Trefoil-headed chamfered lancet to east and boarded door to its left with chamfered Caernarvon arch and segmental relieving arch.

Interior: dressed stone with ashlar bands. Four-bay nave roof with arched-braced collar trusses springing from stone corbels, intermediate smaller arched-braced collar trusses springing from stone corbels higher up, trussed rafters between with collars, moulded wooden wall plate, ashlar pieces and 3 purlins each side. South aisle arcade consisting of circular piers with moulded bases and capitals (semi-circular end piers) and double-chamfered arches. Nave windows and door with chamfered rear arches and aisle windows with chamfered wooden lintels. Chamfered chancel arch with continuous outer sunk chamfer and half-octagonal piers with moulded bases and capitals. Two-bay chancel roof (one long bay and one short bay) has 2 arched-braced collar trusses with moulded tie-stubs on wooden brackets, intermediate arched-braced truss to east, trussed rafters between with collars, moulded wooden wall plate, ashlar pieces and single purlins. Ashlar dado with cill string, stepped up to east. East window has clustered nook shafts with moulded bases and capitals, chamfered rear arch and hood mould with carved foliate stops; north window with clustered nook shafts and chamfered trefoil rear arch. Continuous double-chamfered vestry/organ arch, with moulded imposts to outer chamfer. Stone sedilia to south with hollow-chamfered arched head and 2 seats divided by stone arm-rests. Double-chamfered arched aumbry to north, the inner chamfer dying into responds, with projecting cill. Lean-to aisle roof with purlins and arched braced trusses. Double-chamfered archway at east end of aisle, the inner chamfer resting on moulded brackets and the outer chamfer dying into responds. Vestry with segmental-arched corner fireplace and chamfered trefoil-arched piscina to south with projecting scalloped bowl. Mainly late C19 fittings: marble reredos of 1872 consisting of cross set in mosiac in central arch, flanking lozenge panels with carved figures, bracketed cill and moulded top; brass plaque on south wall of nave inscribed: “TO THE GLORY OF GOD AND/IN AFFECTIONATE MEMORY OF MARY/KATHERINE WIFE OF R. LOWBRIDGE/BAKER VICAR OF THIS PARISH/THIS REREDOS IS PLACED BY MANY/FRIENDS WHO LOVED HER DEEPLY/A.D. 1872”. Wrought-iron altar rails with wooden rail. Plain choir stalls with wrought-iron frontals. Organ with painted pipes. Oak chancel screen dated 1932 with stone base, 3:3 lights with pierced cinquefoil heads, and moulded top rail with cresting; inscription to base: (left-hand side) “TO THE GLORY OF GOD AND IN MEMORY OF HENRIETTA MARIA. WIFE OF REV. ROBERT LOWBRIDGE BAKER/(right-hand side) “DIED 25 FEBRUARY 1932 AND HER DAUGHTER MARJORIE EMILY WHO DIED 23 FEBRUARY 1932”. Polygonal wooden pulpit with pierced quatrefoils. Wrought-iron lectern. Plain pews. Stone font at west end of nave with square base, circular stem with 4 marble shafts, each with moulded base and carved capital, square bowl with billet ornament to sides and circular lead bowl and circular iron-bound wooden cover. Encaustic tiles to chancel. Stained glass in Past window, north windows and some aisle windows; Faith, Hope and Charity north windows are a memorial to the Reverend Lowbridge Baker. Monuments: date tablet in memory of William Buckingham (d.1914-18 war), carved by Levi Dore, the village craftsman who also designed and built the war memorial (q.v.). The Reverend Robert Lowbridge Baker was the first vicar of Ramsden and gave the tower; spire and bells in memory of his first wife who died on the eve of the opening of the church. The church cost £1,886 and the tower, spire and bells cost £639 (accounts). The church opened on Friday 26th April 1872. The builder was Groves of Milton under Wychwood. (Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: p734; Kelly’s Directory of Oxfordshire: 1911: pp308-9)

Rose Hill : Methodist Church

Rose Hill
Henry Thomas Leake purchased the land and paid for the construction of the chapel which opened in 1835.

Rotherfield Greys : St Nicholas

Rotherfield Greys
This small aisleless village church with timber bellcote was almost entirely rebuilt in the Victorian era, except for the Jacobean chapel with the magnificent Knollys family tomb.

Rotherfield Peppard : All Saints

Rotherfield Peppard
This lovely village church, part of which dates back to Norman times, was restored by William Scott Champion in 1874; with the nave almost completely rebuilt and a north aisle added. The tower and shingled broach spire are of 1908.

Rotherfield Peppard : Springwater Congregational

Rotherfield Peppard
The church constructed of red brick was founded in 1775 and known as Providence Chapel, later becoming Peppard Congregational Church. It has subsequently been renamed Springwater. It is alleged to be the oldest congregational chapel in Oxfordshire.

Rousham : SS Leonard and James

The church building dates from 12th Century and has been extended over the centuries.The south aisle arcade (1180); the bell tower was added early in the 13th century; the arch to the south chapel is 14th century and all the windows of the south aisle are Decorated Gothic. In the 15th century a clerestory was added to the nave and a rood screen and rood loft were built across the nave and aisle. A chantry chapel was demolished 1530. There is a large 16th century inserted in the north wall of the nave. All the other windows in the north wall are Perpendicular Gothic. In 1867–68 the church building was restored, the chancel and south porch were rebuilt and the height of the chancel was increased.

Salford : St Mary

Parish church. C12 and C14 origins largely rebuilt by G E Street in 1854-5. Roughly coursed limestone rubble with ashlar dressings; concrete tile roofs with stepped coped verges.

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